Diabetic retinopathy is a disorder of retinal blood vessels resulting from Diabetes Mellitus. Today, Diabetic retinopathy is rapidly evolving as the leading cause of blindness in the world. The incidence of Diabetic retinopathy increases with duration of diabetes. About 60% of patients having diabetes for 15 years or more will have some form of diabetic retinopathy. Incidence also increases with associated Hypertension, Retinal diseases, Smoking and sedentary lifestyle.
Since, Proliferative Diabetic retinopathy can lead to permanent blindness, its diagnosis and treatment are very important. Clinical examination is mandatory for all diabetic patients, especially if the duration of diabetes is of more than 5 yrs.
Our hospital is equipped with
1) Fundus Fluoroscein Angiography (FFA) – A special photographic process in which injection of a dye in the blood circulation helps to identify the stage of Diabetic Retinopathy and to decide treatment.
2) Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) – Cross sectional imaging of the retina which helps to quantify macula’s edema in a non invasive manner.
Intravitreal injections like Steroids and Anti VEGF help in reducing macular oedema and in some cases before surgery to reduce intraoperative massive hemorrhage.
Vitreoretinal surgery is done in advanced cases with large amount of bleeding in the eye or tractional detachment of retina
Successful treatment of diabetic retinopathy depends upon early detection and timely intervention. Even though retinopathy cannot be eliminated completely, the severity of the damage can be minimized and vision can be restored with timely intervention.