The specialists at Akbar Eye Hospital suggest having your eyes checked at least twice a year for signs of glaucoma if you have any of these risk factors.
Glaucoma is a potentially blinding condition in which your eye's pressure damages your optic nerve. Because the optic nerve transmits vision from your eyes to your brain, any damage to the optic nerve can have serious consequences. Glaucoma, fortunately, can be successfully treated and controlled if detected in its initial stage before it damages your optic nerve. Every time you come in for an eye exam at our hospital, we measure your eye pressure and check for signs of optic nerve damage.
Only a comprehensive examination can help in the timely diagnosis of glaucoma. So, here are a few symptoms that you should stay watchful for.
Generally, the normal eye pressure is 11-21 mmHg. As the pressure builds up for an extended period of time, it can begin to harm your optic nerve. Even low eye pressures can cause damage in some people with anaemia or sickle cell disease.
There is a tissue in the middle of your eye, creating the fluid that fills your eye and brings nourishment to all the internal parts. That fluid flows to the front of your eye, where it goes through a drainage channel and back into the bloodstream. If that drainage channel gets blocked or collapses due to age, it can cause the fluid to build up inside your eye, raising the pressure.
Visual acuity test
The visual acuity test helps to show the smallest letters that can be read on a standardized chart (Snellen chart) or a card held at a distance of 20 feet (6 meters).
Tonometry is a test that determines the pressure inside your eyes. The test detects glaucoma and assesses how effectively it is treated.
Visual field test
This test decides how far the eye can see in any direction without moving and how sensitive the vision is in various parts of the visual field.
Dilated eye examination
It helps your doctor examine the back of your eye (retina).
Pachymetry is a simple but quick and painless test to measure the thickness of your cornea.
It is a process of taking photographs of the interior of your eye through the pupil with the help of a fundus camera.
Applanation Tonometer:Applanation tonometer is used to measure the eye's intraocular pressure or IOP.
Non-Contact Tonometer: The non-contact tonometer uses a rapid air pulse to detect the force required to applanate the cornea.
Humphrey Visual Field Analyser: Humphrey Visual Field Analyser or HFA is a tool used to measure the human visual field. It detects a monocular visual field.
Optical Coherence Tomography: The work of OCT is to detect the optic nerve head margin in an automated fashion is unique.
At Akbar Eye Hospital, our glaucoma specialists have a wide range of options to eliminate or control glaucoma. It may just be using eye drops, either single or combination drug therapy for some. For others, laser surgery can be done at our hospital or combined with cataract surgery. In case of severe glaucoma, there is reconstructive surgery that we can use to add a new drainage channel to lower the eye pressure to a safe level.